“Where the mind is without fear and the head is held high………….”, wrote the Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore in his award winning Gitanjali; so far I may be amongst beneficiaries  from the sage pronunciation by the renowned man of letters, however as the present trend manifests itself, this contingency appears short lived, unless of course sanity  overrides the aberrations.

Why have the lumpen elements succeeded in occupying prominence and power through normal democratic means? But before proceeding further the dictionary  definition of lumpen needs elucidation:

From the Merriam Webster Dictionary we learn lumpen relates to dispossessed and uprooted individuals cut off from the economic and social class with which they might normally be identified, they could be lumpen proletariat or lumpen intellectuals

or  a member of the crude and uneducated lowest class of society

The Cambridge dictionary describes these people  who are not clever or well educated, and who are not interested in changing or improving their situation.

Their success in present context has many debatable arguments; the vast disparity between the haves and have nots, corruption, unemployment, exposure through social media, and many others. The failure to address these maladies effectively laid the fertile ground for unabashed exploitation, the tools being used religion, caste, patriotism and nationalism to saturate the sentiments of the masses and create a divisive society. Politics replaced philosophy and it now became art of looking for trouble, finding whether it exists or not, diagnosing it incorrectly, and applying the wrong remedy. Religious bigotry and antediluvian practices overshadow with fearful consequences to those not adhering to the diktats.

“Patriotism cannot be our final spiritual shelter; my refuge is humanity. I will not buy glass for the price of diamonds, and I will never allow patriotism to triumph over humanity as long as I live,”

In present day environment such a statement by a person may cause him his life; for the unaware it is a famous quote by Rabindranath Tagore! He said it when the British ruled!

“I am willing to serve my country, but my worship I reserve for Right which is far greater than my country. To worship my country as a god is to bring a curse upon it.” Say this to the lumpen elements and face the consequences! This again is a quote from a very patriotic and religious person,Rabindranath Tagore.

“Toute nation a le gouvernement qu’elle merite.” (”Every nation has the government it deserves.”) Joseph de Maistre

Yes a very apt remark, however what happens to the minority who voted against the Government! Do they too become lumpen?